Difference Between Christian and Catholic

Difference Between Christian and Catholic

Christianity is the core of the Abrahamic religion, which follows the life and teachings of Jesus. But Catholicism is a branch or stem of Christianity. All Catholics are Christians, but not all Christians are Catholics.

Christianity and Catholicism have the same roots and are based on the teachings of Jesus Christ. While the basic beliefs are similar, some critical differences between the two religious beliefs set these two branches apart.

Difference Between Christian and Catholic

Christian vs Catholic
Originated in the Roman province of Judea. It currently includes- Israel, Lebanon, and Palestine Place of Origin  Also originated in the Roman province of Judea.
Follower of Christ Literal meaning  Catholic is derived from the Greek word- Katholikos meaning universal or general
Anglicanism, Protestantism and other branches of Christianity completely reject the concept of the Pope as the head of the church. Head of the Institution  In Catholicism, the Pope is the head of the Roman Catholic church. He is considered the moral and spiritual authority of the institution.
The other denominations of Christianism completely reject the authority of the Pope Authority of Pope 
The successor of St. Peter
You’ll meet Bishops, priests, nuns, monks, and ministers Clergy  You’ll meet the Bishops, deacons, nuns, monks, and priests
Legislation in the Christian faith varies based on different denominations Legislation 
In Catholicism, legislation is regulated by the Papal law, Diocesan law, and Canon law
Greek, Hebrew, and Aramaic were the original language Language  Greek and Latin were the original languages
Different denominations prefer to confess to different mediums. For instance, Anglicans prefer to confess to the priests, whereas Protestants prefer to confess directly to the God Confession  Catholics confess to a priest. The priest, in return, asks them to perform charitable actions to get forgiveness for their sins
Some Christians (Protestants) prefer to pray to God directly while others worship Mary and Saints Worship of Virgin Mary and Saints  Catholics worship Mary and Saints and believe these two work as a medium to connect to God
Church, cathedral, chapel, personal dwellings, reading Bible at home Places of worship 
Church, cathedral, chapel, basilica
Eternal life in heaven or hell After Death Eternal salvation in heaven and eternal damnation in hell. The temporal third stage for those who want purification from their sins.
To love and obey the commandments of Jesus and spread them among others so that others can also attain salvation Religious goal  Always glorify God and share a life with him
Not viewed as a sacrament by most non-Catholics
Some Christian denominations affirm same-sex marriage
Concept of Marriage  A holy sacrament between a man and a woman. There is no rule of divorce in Catholicism. But there is a provision called Annulment under which it is believed that the marriage was invalid even to begin with
Considers marriage as a holy sacrament, and divorce is allowed in other branches of Christianity
Differs for different denominations, but typically follow the Bible, which includes the Ten commandments Religious law  Ten commandments, Papal law, Canon law, Catechism of the Catholic church
Death by crucifixion, resurrection, & ascension to heaven Death of Jesus  Death by crucifixion, resurrection, & ascension to heaven
Affirmed The second coming of Jesus Affirmed
Love and justice Virtue on which the religions are based  Love
Over 2 billion worldwide Followers  1.33 billion worldwide
The Bible Sacred Scriptures  The Bible, 73 canonical books (27 in New Testament and 46 in Old Testament)
Christmas, The Lord’s Day, Advent, Lent, New Year, Easter, Pentecost Official Holidays Christmas, Advent, Lent, Easter, Holy Week, Pentecost, and Sunday Day (The Lord’s Day)

What is Christianity?

The Christian religion is all about following the teachings of Jesus Christ. Christians believe that Jesus, the son of God, came to earth to save all humanity. He suffered, was crucified, died, and was resurrected to save us as prophesied in the Old Testament.

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Christians believe in the Holy Trinity. One of their core beliefs is that God has three correlated but distinct entities- The Father (God), Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit.

Gradually due to conflict in religious opinions, the Christian church was split into different denominations, and Catholicism or the Catholic church is one of its primary denominations.

Branches of Christianity

  • Protestantism
  • Anglicanism
  • Methodism
  • Jewish Christianity
  • Evangelicalism
  • Oriental Orthodoxy
  • Eastern Orthodoxy
  • Pentecostalism
  • Mormon
  • Gnostic
Difference Between Christian and Catholic
Gathering together with other Christians to study the Bible is something most Christians will do.

What is Catholicism?

With over 2.1 billion baptized adherents, Catholicism is the largest branch of Christianity. 

The main difference lies in how we perceive the word of God that will decide our faith after death. We can achieve either heaven or hell from our actions in this world. One of the central beliefs of Catholics is that Lord Jesus Christ has died for our sins, so we must not let temptations distract us from our religious paths.

Catholicism Basics

  • The Catholic Church has declared itself independent and a pre-denomination of Christianity.
  • The Pope is the highest authority of The Catholic Church.
  • The Pope resides at the Vatican in Vatican City. People all over the world follow Catholicism.
  • The Catholic Church has seven sacraments: Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Reconciliation, Anointing the Sick, Holy Orders, Marriage
  • Catholic Mass centers on the celebration of the Eucharist, also known as Holy Communion
Difference Between Christian and Catholic
Catholic theology places a high emphasis on the Eucharist.

The Catholic Lifestyle

Catholics are more rigid in their religious beliefs and don’t believe in a life of abundance or indulgence. Catholics follow a more sober life and believe in charitable actions. Plus, the Catholic church does not allow its priests, bishops, archbishops, and deacons to get married or to involve in any sexual activities.

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The Catholic church also doesn’t allow women to become priests. Still, they can participate in other religious practices if they become nuns.

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Vanessa is passionate about written communication, especially after beginning her career as a middle school English teacher. She’s an experienced content marketer as well. Vanessa loves to analyze, compare, and contrast, which is why she writes for ContrastHub. Besides writing, Vanessa is a wife, mom, entrepreneur, spicy food enthusiast, comedy nerd and lifelong learner.

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